Kava is a plant species (Piper methysticum) that is native to the South Pacific islands. The root of the plant is used to make a traditional beverage that is consumed for its sedative, relaxing, and euphoric effects. The active compounds in kava are called kavalactones, which are thought to be responsible for its effects on mood and anxiety.
In traditional Pacific Island cultures, kava is consumed in social and ceremonial settings and is believed to promote a sense of well-being, relaxation, and community. Some people also use kava as a natural remedy to help relieve symptoms of stress, anxiety, and insomnia.